Assessment : Aspiration 5


By 2020, States -

  • should be supporting family and community-based actions that enhance children’s health, nutrition and wellbeing, including safe drinking water, improved sanitation and hygiene as well as appropriate young child feeding practices and food security measures when needed;
  • should have allocated adequate resources to the wellbeing of children, in particular, to ensure access to basic nutrition, health and education through pro-poor social protection programmes for those most in need, including the most vulnerable children; States should have increased their investment in basic services for its population, while focusing on children;
  • should have achieved universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all; States should have achieved access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and ended open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations;
  • should be focusing on the poorest and most vulnerable in the distribution of allocations, in order to reduce inequalities affecting the population as a whole, including children;
  • should have adopted and be implementing pro-poor social protection policies and programmes, such as cash transfers or child grants for all vulnerable children, and particularly for child-headed households;
  • should have institutionalised social protection by putting in place appropriate institutional arrangements to build the capacity of systems and individuals to efficiently deliver social protection services;
  • should have made an explicit commitment to entrench children’s socio-economic rights within national legislation or in their constitutions;
  • should have developed and implemented a minimum social protection package, consisting of at least targeted child support grants to the poorest segment of the population, within a comprehensive social protection system through progressive expansion and coverage of programmes to reach all those most in need of such services;
  • should have taken specific measures to reach marginalised and vulnerable children and included them in all their programmes;
  • should have adopted and effectively implemented laws prohibiting the use of children for begging;
  • should have studied and developed legislation and policies for children in need of alternative care, or special support;
  • should, as far as possible, have dealt with vulnerability in a multi-pronged, multi-dimensional and comprehensive way, targeting all vulnerable children indiscriminately, regardless of the cause of the vulnerability; children’s rights promotion and development practice should embrace comprehensive service delivery for vulnerable children within a holistic, effective and sustainable system;
  • should have addressed the root cause of the extreme vulnerability and exclusion of children, and should not be using criminal law provisions, such as vagrancy laws, to target and criminalise the conduct of children in need of care;
  • should have relaxed fostering and adoption laws and sensitised the community to the advantages of fostering and adopting children who are outside the family environment.

By 2020, the African Children’s Committee -

  • should have scrutinised State reports from the point of view of the poorest and most vulnerable children;
  • should have guided States to ensure that socio-economic rights are made effectively justiciable in their legal systems;

By 2020, African Union -

  • political organs should have taken the lead in monitoring the implementation of the AU’s Social Policy Framework through developing an appropriate tool setting benchmarks and time-bound goals to ensure greater accountability for the implementation of social protection.

By 2020, national partners -

  • Should have become fully involved in the formulation and implementation of national social protection programmes, while better aligning their engagement and contributions to national-led social policy frameworks;
  • research centres should have studied and disseminated information, created awareness and understanding about the benefits of social protection for economic growth among policy makers and practitioners to increase awareness of the long-term economic benefit of social protection, beyond the moral and human rights imperatives.

By 2020, development partners -

  • should have committed to increased and longer-term investments in building and strengthening national social protection structures for social protection in terms of skills, capacity and organisational ability and effectiveness;
  • should have made funding decisions based on a broad analysis of funding gaps set against an overall social protection strategy developed in a participatory manner so that social protection strategies are owned and led by government.